Spring Semester, 2015
Judy Preston is a women who loves to garden and she is a composter. She went to college at the University of Vermont getting her master’s degree in Applied Ecology and continued onto Yale University where she finished her master’s degree in Environmental Management. Judy Preston is a certified Northeast Organic Farming Association (NOFA) Practitioner as well as being a part of the movement to protect the Long Island Sound. She talks to people all over and give advice to people about organic land care products and she also deals with water quality ethics. In her commitment to the Long Island Sound project, she has been spread the word throughout about what happens in Connecticut and in the rivers of Connecticut will affect the sound. Whatever people put on the ground will find its way into the Long Island Sound.
All of the watersheds that are located in Connecticut in some way connect to the Long Island Sound. Long Island Sound is a big estuary for ecological life, so we need to realize that we are putting on the ground will end of in the sound. This means that it might affect the ecosystem in the sound. The estuaries located in Long Island Sound are home to many different life forms. The fish population makes up 75%-90% of the fishing people do yearly. Not is the sound a big places for fish to live, but it is also home to many other invertebrates and birds as well. Animals that are living under the water are having a hard time surviving in the sound right now because all of the high risks of non-point source pollution. This is one the main reason they have a program to try and protect the ecosystem of in Long Island Sound.
Most of the pollution that is located in the Long Island Sound is due to runoff from the urban areas, and the agricultural runoff from farmers nearby. The sources can come from places close by or from places far away which travel there through the watersheds. Every year tons of nitrogen from agriculture, cattle, and lawncare enter the Long Island Sound. The main reason nitrogen is such a big problem is because the algae consumes the nitrogen and then uses it up and then it dies. This problem is every evident. The nitrogen that is consumed by the algae helps it grows faster making algae blooms which fill up the sound. This will lead the shellfish bed closure.
To help to stop the problem people need to look at where the source of the pollution is coming from. Most of the time there is one source that is the problem for the nitrogen in the water. All lawncare Americans are one of the main reason for the amount of nitrogen in Long Island Sound. All grass and turf grass that Americans care for are not care for in a way that is good for the environment. As a way to reduce the damage that has been to Long Island Sound they need to let more people know about alternative ways to care for their lawns. A main for residents to can help to lower the amount of toxins used is to plants native plants that will get used to land and not need as much care. This means there will not be as many fertilizers used and it will benefit wildlife. The chemical fertilizers that people are using every day have a negative effect on the soil because the soil sucks in all of the chemicals, polluting the ground. Another thing homeowners need to cut down on is the use of insect killer because they are an important part of are ecosystem. The insects are fuel in the food web.
With this project to help protect Long Island Sound, we need everyone to help and lower the amount of chemicals used. It is also helpful if neighbors and friends talk to people they know to help make good environmental choices. With practicing all of these techniques in New England, will help to protect Long Island Sound, but will also be good for our environment. Judy Preston and the effects that she is making to protect Long Island Sound serves a great deal. She is making many people who unaware, aware of the problems that are going on in Long Island Sound.